Here are many of the common jewelry terms used by jewelers in the trade. If you would like to know more about diamonds, gemstones, gold, silver, platinum or anything related to the jewelry industry Anne Dale Jewelers are your local experts. Please do not hesitate to contact us.
Gemstones within a jewelry design that are not the main focus, but instead accent or complement the center gemstone and side gemstones. Accent gemstones are typically comprised of melee gemstones.
A mixture of two or more metals to create more desirable characteristics and/or added strength.
A process used to bring metal alloys to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by gradually heating and cooling.
A ring of three or more diamonds or gemstones, typically set in a channel or prong setting. The stones partially encircle the ring.
Jewelry that is 100 years old or more.
A form that is curved in two directions opposite one another (saddle-shaped).
A decorative style of the 1920s and 1930s that features bold geometric shapes, linear patterns, and diverse colors.
A decorative style from the late 1800s to early 1900s characterized by free-flowing lines and stylized natural forms such as flowers, leaves, and feminine form.
The process used when determining the proportions of precious metal contained in a piece of gold, silver or other alloys.
A characteristic of a product that can include a color, design, style, form, shape, or feature.
A mounting that leaves a gemstone’s pavilion facets uncovered so that light can enter.
Describes items small in scale to be worn by babies, toddlers, and teens. Earring posts are usually shorter and are often threaded or have some sort of safety clasp. Rings are usually sizes 0-3. Bracelets are usually 5-51/2 inches long. Necklaces are usually 15-16 inches long.
An arched (often oval, teardrop, or d-shaped) metal component used to hang a pendant from a chain or cord. It is meant to slide onto the chain rather that being soldered to it so that the pendant moves independently from the chain and is not a permanent part of the chain or cord.
A ring, usually uniform in width, with no distinguishable “top”; may be set with gemstones.
A closed, rigid bracelet-with or without hinge and clasp that slides over the hand.
An irregular-shaped stone or pearl. Also an art style characterized by ornate detail.
A setting technique where the gemstone is secured between two parallel; bars, while the sides of the gem remain open.
An enameling technique in which a low-relief pattern is created in metal by engraving or chasing, then the entire pattern is filled with translucent enamel (similar to French “low height” champlevé).
A term informally referring to non-precious metals (such as copper, zinc, tin, nickel, lead, or iron), which are commonly used in costume jewelry
A type of prong setting with open sides similar to a basket weave, that allows the lower portion of the gemstone to be visible.
A small, usually spherical component made from a variety of materials, which may be partially drilled or fully drilled. A full drilled bead will have one or more holes through it, allowing it to be strung singularly or with others in a sequence. Beads in shapes other than round are sometimes described as “fancy”.
In jewelers terms is an imperfection found on the surface of a natural diamond.
The sparkle which is reflected to the human eye from the diamond.
A gemstone cut with a smooth flat bottom, rounded half domed top surface, without facets.
A diamond’s unit of measurement for weight, equal to 0.2 grams, one of the four Cs of diamonds evaluation.
Cracks or fractures in diamonds or color gemstones often extending to the surface.
The upper part of a faceted diamond or gemstone, below the table, the entire portion that is above the girdle.
In jewelers terms is the smallest facet on the very bottom point of a diamond, the very tip of the beneath the pavilion. Not all faceted diamonds exhibit a culet.
The flat (little face) surface on a diamond or color gemstones. The arrangement of facets determine the gemstones cut and play-of-light.
In jewelers terms the bright flashes of color that can be seen by the human eye when a diamond or gemstone rotated.
The highest grading of diamond clarity, which indicates no visible inclusions or blemishes when using a jewelers loupe of 10x magnification.
The four characteristics of a diamond – color, clarity, cut and carat weight – which are used to establish the quality and value of diamonds.
The middle section of a diamond or gemstone, which can be polished or faceted on a diamond, and typically unpolished on color gemstones.
The ability of a diamond or gemstone to resist scratches, which is measured using the Moh’s scale of hardness from 1-10, with 10 being the hardest.
An ideal cut diamond has the highest quality of proportions, symmetry and polish, and returns the maximum amount of light from the top of the diamond.
The natural unique \”fingerprints\” within a diamond or gemstone, which consist of other elements such as minerals, gases, or other substances.
The scale which is used to measure the hardness of a diamond or gemstone, or its resistance to scratches, ranging from 1-10, with 10 being the hardest.
The bottom portion of a diamond, between the girdle and the culet.
The amount of smoothness, or shininess on a metal’s surface. The more polished, the more light reflects off a metal’s surface.
PLAY OF COLOR
The spectral colors that can be seen in an opal when it is rotated or moved.
The relationship of a diamond’s parts to one another, such as crown angle, crown height and table percentage, which ultimately determine a stone’s brilliance.
The flashes of light that can be seen in a diamond when rotated under a natural or artificial light source.
The precision of the alignment of a diamond’s facets. The more symmetrical, the better the return of light.
The flat surface on the top of a diamond or gemstone.
The ability for a diamond or gemstone to resist breakage (or fracturing) from impact.
The mixture of two or more metals which strengthens the metal, and/or enhances its appearance.
A bracelet that is rigid and slides over the hand. Bangle bracelets sometimes don’t have a clasp.
Diamonds or color gemstones are set evenly with the surface of the metal, and secured by bead-like prongs between the stones.
A diamond or gemstone is wrapped with the metal, where only the crown and table can be seen.
A setting that has cathedral-like arches on each side of the diamond or gemstone.
Diamonds or color gemstones are arranged adjacent to one another in a channel, with no metal between each stone.
A device which is used to fasten the end of chains, necklaces, bracelets and watches.
Diamonds or color gemstones are grouped together, which can be arranged to look like one large stone.
A hole is created in the metal surface, and a diamond or gemstone is placed inside, where its table is evenly set with the surface of the metal.
Diamonds or color gemstones are set flush within the surface of the metal, where a part of the metal setting is cut away and replaced by the stone.
A diamond or gemstone is set in an arrangement where the metal cannot be seen, making it appear as there is no setting behind the stone.
The standard measurement for gold, where 24 karats is pure gold. 14-karat or 18-karat gold is mixed with other metal alloys to strengthen it, and to enhance its appearance.
Paved with diamonds. Usually smaller diamonds or gemstones are held in place by very small handcrafted prongs, where all the tables of the stones are set evenly with the metal surface.
Pink gold is created when 24 karat gold is combined with copper and to a lessor degree other alloys, and is sometimes called rose gold.
The shininess on a metal’s surface. The higher the polish, the more light reflects off a jewelry surface.
A diamond or gemstone is mounted to the metal with prongs that wrap around its girdle, securing to the crown of the stone.
Rings, pendants, earrings, bracelets, or necklaces that feature a single diamond in its setting.
A diamond or gemstone is suspended inside the metal setting with tension, usually most of the diamond is visible.
Made by combining 24 karat pure gold with copper, zinc and nickel (or palladium) alloy, such as rhodium.
Gold that retains its natural yellow color. 24 Karat or pure gold is typically combined with copper, silver and other alloys for durability.